Published by Darron Toy on

transportation engineering or transport engineering is the application of technology and scientific principles to the planning functional design operation and management of facilities for any mode of transportation in order to provide for the safe efficient rapid comfortable convenient economical and environmentally compatible movement of people and goods transport it is a sub-discipline of civil engineering and of industrial engineering transportation engineering is a major component of the civil engineering and mechanical engineering disciplines according to specialization of academic courses and main competences of the involved territory the importance of transportation engineering within the civil and industrial engineering profession can be judged by the number of divisions in US American Society of Civil Engineers that are directly related to transportation there are six such divisions aerospace air transportation highway pipeline waterway port coastal and ocean and urban transportation representing one third of the total 18 technical divisions within the ass 1987 the planning aspects of transportation engineering relate to elements of urban planning and involve technical forecasting decisions and political factors technical forecasting of passenger travel usually involves an urban transportation planning model requiring the estimation of trip generation how many trips for what purpose trip distribution destination choice where is the traveler going mode choice what mode is being taken and route assignment which streets or routes are being used more sophisticated forecasting can include other aspects of traveler decisions including auto ownership trip chaining the decision to link individual trips together in a tour and the choice of residential or business location known as land-use forecasting passenger trips are the focus of transportation engineering because they often represent the peak of demand on any transportation system a review of descriptions of the scope of various committees indicates that while facility planning and design continue to be the core of the transportation engineering field such areas as operations planning logistics network analysis financing and policy analysis are also important to civil engineers particularly to those working in highway and urban transportation the National Council of Examiners for engineering and surveying and seas lists online the safety protocols geometric design requirements and signal timing transportation engineering as practiced by civil engineers primarily involves planning design construction maintenance and operation of transportation facilities the facilities support air highway railroad pipeline water and even space transportation the design aspects of transportation engineering include the sizing of transportation facilities how many lanes or how much capacity the facility has determining the materials and thickness used in pavement designing the geometry vertical and horizontal alignment of the roadway or track before any planning occurs the engineer must take what is known as an inventory of the area or if it is appropriate the previous system in place this inventory or database must include information on one population – land use three economic activity for transportation facilities and services five travel patterns and volumes six laws and ordinances seven regional financial resources eight community values and expectations these inventories help the engineer create business models to complete accurate forecasts on the future conditions of the stem review operations and management involved traffic engineering so that vehicles move smoothly on the road or track older techniques include signs signals markings and tolling newer technologies involve intelligent transportation systems including advanced traveler information systems such as variable message signs advanced traffic control systems such as ramp meters and vehicle infrastructure integration human factors are an aspect of transportation engineering particularly concerning driver vehicle interface and user interface of road signs signals and markings

1 Comment

Tom Elmore · May 15, 2019 at 5:38 pm

It's a means whereby the engineering "profession" stuffs its own pockets by creating problems it knows it will be again called upon to "solve" later – at which time it can create even larger problems and so on and so forth.

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