Världsarvsresenären / The World Heritage Traveler: Wien / Vienna & Schönbrunn

Published by Darron Toy on


The World Heritage Traveller Vienna & Schönbrunn This is Vienna capital of Austria Here lives nearly two million people in a city where history can be found just about everywhere Here are great museums castles a world-renowned opera and lots of magnificent buildings And as if this was not enough one of Europe’s most lavish palace’s is found outside the city To see it all of you probably have to settle here But let’s look into some of Vienna’s most famous sights and take a closer look at the city’s long history Like so many other cities in southern and central Europe Vienna began its history as a Roman fort in the province named Pannonia The capital was Carnuntum situated by the river Danube where the Roman legions had their main camp while Vienna, or Vindobona which was its Roman name was a smaller camp 24 miles upstream, with 6,000 soldiers Vindobona was the northern border of the Roman Empire And beyond ruled the dangerous Germanic tribes History tells us also that it was right here where the Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius died on 17 March 180 AD just as it’s depicted in the first scenes of the famous film ’Gladiator’ In Vienna one can still find small traces of the Roman era Like this old stone pillar which is said to have belonged to a bathhouse It might not seem much but the Roman Museum in Vienna promise there’s more to see But it’s probably not the old Roman remains that attract most tourists to Vienna Instead the former imperial residence Hofburg is probably first on the list Right in the center of Vienna and with a history that goes back to the Middle Ages Here kings and emperors have ruled since the late 1400s until 1918 when the First World War ended when the Austro-Hungarian Empire collapsed and the Republic of Austria was proclaimed Hofburg was the imperial winter residence and there is no doubt there must have been plenty of money to waste at the time Here is a large Treasury an Imperial Library a National Theatre and the world-famous Spanish Riding School Many kings and emperors have reigned here at Hofburg throughout the years but the golden age was probably during the latter part of the 1800s during the reign of Emperor Franz Joseph around the same time as Queen Victoria ruled in England In 1854 the young Franz Joseph married his cousin Elisabeth of Bavaria better known as ‘Sissi’ considered to be one of the most beautiful women of her time something that Sissi herself was very well aware of and it is said that she every morning spent several hours in front of the mirror This period was also a major boost to the Schönbrunn Palace and it must have been a dream for the family’s three children to grow up here In the 1950’s the story of Sissi and Franz Joseph was made into film three films with Romy Schneider in the title role films that still today is the Austrian film industry’s most successful ever Well… except for Arnold of course… Schönbrunn is Vienna’s most visited tourist sight and self-evidently also one of a UNESCO World Heritage Sites with over two and a half million visitors each year If Hofburg was the imperial winter residence Schönbrunn was their summer castle And just to this very place a 6-year-old boy from Salzburg came to visit on October 13th 1762 to hold a concert for Empress Maria Theresia And if I remember correctly his name was… Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Now began a brilliant musical career and over the next 29 years until his premature death at age 35 Mozart was to become one of the most important composers of the Viennese classical style and compose more than 600 works and perform all over Europe In a way one might describe Mozart’s life here in Vienna as equivalent to our modern rock stars and his life is a fascinating story portrayed in the Czech director Milos Forman’s famous film ’Amadeus’ a film which was later rewarded with eight Oscars and which takes place here in Vienna Mozart died in December 1791 probably in a flu epidemic that then hit the town Later his remains was taken to St. Marxer’s Cemetery outside Vienna Here he was buried in a common grave together with five others which was according to the rules and regulations at the time The exact location is still unknown but a monument erected many years later reminds us of a musician whose life’s work has made him almost immortal Back in the centre of Vienna is the time to visit my favourite castle the Belvedere Palace located in the centre of town looking like a big cake Today here is an art museum which its been since 1781 making the castle one of the oldest museums in the world It was also here where the Austrian State Treaty was signed in 1955 when Austria was restored as an independent state after being occupied for ten years by the victorious powers in the Second World War The Belvedere Palace was built in the early 1700s by Prince Eugene of Savoy a man that has left his mark in European history and who was later appointed by Napoleon as being one of the most skilled military commanders of all time Born and raised in Paris in the late 1600s Prince Eugen came to join the Habsburgs Emperors in Vienna where he spent the next 40 years becoming a Senior Commander specially during The Great Turkish War which lasted from 1683 until to 1699 when the Ottoman Empire’s influence in the Balkans and Eastern Europe was finally fought back never to recover After the victory against the Turks there was a great financial upturn in Vienna with many new buildings Prince Eugen gave mandate to the famous architect
Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt to build the Belvedere Palace A castle with a beautiful park with many statues that is one of Vienna’s absolute gems where you can go for a refreshing morning walk or perhaps even do some exercise When Prince Eugene died in 1736
he was buried in St. Stephen’s Cathedral one of Vienna’s most iconic buildings a sight that is an absolute must to visit There’s been a church here since the early 1100s and the current cathedral’s history dates back to the 1300s named after St. Stephen who is considered to be Christianity’s first martyr In the cathedral are relics of several saints and both emperors and several prominent
religious people has been given their final rest here Here are also 23 large church bells to be found the largest weighing over 20 tons the largest in the whole of Austria World War II bombings devastated the cathedral but it was rebuilt shortly after the war ended And if you want to do a bit of time-travel back to post-war Vienna there’s only one thing to do namely to visit the nearest cinema to see Carol Reed’s famous film ’The Third Man’ filmed on location here in Vienna in 1949 when the war ruins were still plenty in the city and the black market was at its peak which is also the theme of the film Today only the old Soviet War Monument testifies to this era But just like in the film you can visit the Pratern amusement park for a ride in the famous Ferris wheel where Orson Welles in the film made his
elegant account of what 500 years of peace in Switzerland
actually accomplished The last stop on a long day in Vienna is the two twin museums next to the Hofburg Palace The Museum of Art History and the Natural History Museum both opened in the late 1800s on an initiative by Emperor Franz Joseph as a place where the great imperial collections could be viewed by the public Here are loads of priceless paintings by famous artists such as Velázquez Brueghel Raphael or maybe a dinosaur in the Natural History Museum where you also find the 25,000 years old female figurine Venus of Willendorf which today has become almost an icon for all prehistoric art After museums, castles and cathedrals you can relax or visit
one of the many cafes and restaurants Or just enjoy the sunshine on a lawn Or maybe pursue a football career together with the local Viennese’s Because as we all know great things have small beginnings… Filmed, edited and narrated by Christer Sundberg World Heritage Traveler


2 Comments

Kris R · July 15, 2018 at 8:09 am

Kommer det att läggas ut fler videor på denna kanal?

Anes Kazinic · August 28, 2018 at 2:44 pm

Grym kanal!, önskar att du fortsätter lägga up nya videos. Hade gärna velat se några av de svenska världsarven. Som tex höga kusten.

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