Transport Survey(ielts listening test 2018)

Published by Darron Toy on

test two you will hear a number of different recordings and you will have to answer questions on what you hear there will be time for you to read the instructions and questions and you will have a chance to check your work all the recordings will be played once only the test is in four sections at the end of the test you will be given 10 minutes to transfer your answers to an answer sheet now turn to section 1 section 1 you will hear a man interviewing a woman in the street about her use of transport first you have some time to look at questions 1 to 5 you will see that there is an example that has been done for you on this occasion only the conversation relating to this will be played first excuse me yes I wonder if you could spare a few minutes to do a survey on transport it won't take long no that's fine hold lovely the survey is on behalf of the local council they'd like to know about what transport you use and any suggestions for improvement can I start by asking you how you travel to town today sure I came on the bus the woman traveled to town by bus so bus has been written in the space now we shall begin you should answer the questions as you listen because you will not hear the recording a second time listen carefully and answer questions 1 to 5 excuse me yes I wonder if you could spare a few minutes to do a survey on transport it won't take long no that's fine Oh lovely the survey is on behalf of the local council they'd like to know about what transport you use and any suggestions for improvement constant by asking you how you travel to town today sure I came on the bus all right now can I get a few details about yourself okay what's your name its Louisa yes Hardy can you spell that please yes it's har di e right thanks and can I have your address it's 19 Whitestone Road oh right I know that area it's Bradfield isn't it that's right huh is the postcode gt7 it's actually GT 8 to LC cool right and could I ask what your job is are you student I've actually just finished my training I'm a hairdresser oh right and one more question in this section what is the reason for you coming into town today actually it's not for shopping today which would be my normal reason but to see the dentist right thanks before you hear the rest of the interview you have some time to look at questions six to ten now listen and answer questions six to ten now in this last section I'd like you to give us some ideas about the facilities and Arrangements in the city for getting to and from work I need suggestions you have for improvements well something I've thought about for some time is that when I do walk and I'm doing a later shift I think the lighting should be better yes good point and of course I think it's a real shame they've been cutting down on the number of footpaths they should have more of those then people would walk more yes right and I don't think there are enough trains that's why I don't use them you have to wait so long thanks and finally I'd like to ask your opinion on sweetling as you may know there's a drive in the city to get more people to cycle to work right but we realized that there are things which the council but also employers might do to help encourage workers to cycle to work yeah well I have thought about it and where I work there are no safe places to leave your bikes okay and also I'd have to cycle uphill and on a hot day I'd arrive at work pretty sweaty so I think I need a shower somewhere at work right and I suppose the last thing is that I wouldn't be all that confident about cycling on such busy roads I think I'd like to see you offering training for that you know I feel a lot better about starting if that was the case well that's very helpful thank you very much for your time no problem bye that is the end of section 1 you now have half a minute to check your answers now turn to section 2 section 2 you will hear a representative of a city council giving information about two new facilities which are opening soon in the city first you have some time to look at questions 11 to 14 now listen carefully and answer questions eleven to fourteen good morning I'm very pleased to have this opportunity to say a little about two exciting new developments in the city the bracken side open-air swimming pool and the children's adventure playground in Central Park as many of you may know the idea for these initiatives came from you the public in extensive consultation exercise which the City Council conducted last year and they have been realized using money from the SW RDC the Southwest Regional Development Commission first of all Bracken side pool as many of the older members of the audience will remember there used to be a wonderful open-air pool on the seafront 30 years ago but it had to close when it was judged to be unsafe for the design of this new heated pool we were very happy to secure the talents of internationally renowned architect Ellen Wyndham who has managed to combine a charming 1930s design which fits in so well with many of the other buildings in the area with up-to-the-minute features such as a recycling system the only one of its kind in the world which enables sea water to be used in the pool now there's been quite a bit of discussion in the local press about whether there would be enough room for the number of visitors we're hoping to attract but the design is deceptive and there have been rigorous checks about capacity also just in case you were wondering we're on schedule for June the 15th opening date and well within budget a testimony to the excellent work of local contractors Hickman's we hope that as many people as possible will be there on June the 15th we have engaged award-winning actress coral white to declare the pool open and there'll be drinks and snacks available at the poolside there'll also be a competition for the public to decide on the sculpture we plan to have at the entrance you will decide which famous historical figure from the city we should have before you hear the rest of talk you have some time to look at questions 15 to 20 now listen and answer questions 15 to 20 and now moving on to the Central Park playground which we're pleased to announce has just won the Douglass award for safety the news came through only last week the unique design is based on the concept of the global village with a playground being divided into six areas showing different parts of the world each with a representative feature for example there is a section on Asia and this is represented by rides and equipment in the shape of snakes orangutangs tigers and so on fauna native to the forests of the region moving south to the Antarctic we couldn't run to an ice rink I'm afraid but opted instead for climbing blocks in the shape of mountains I thought they could have had slides for the glaciers but the designers did want to avoid being too literal then on to South America and here the theme is El Dorado Games replicating the search for mines full of precious stones and then moving up to North America here there was considerable debate I know the contribution of cinema and jazz was considered but the designers finally opted for rockets and the International Space Station eastwards to Europe then and perhaps the most traditional choice of all the areas medieval castles and other fortifications then last but not least moving south to africa at a whole set of wonderful mosaics and trails to represent the great rivers of this fascinating and varied continent now the opening date for our global playground is the 10th of July and again we'd love to see you there so make a date and come and see this magnificent original new amenity right in the heart of the city that is the end of section 2 you'll now have half a minute to check your answers now turn to section 3 section 3 you will hear two anthropology students called Victor and Olivia discussing their joint presentation about a Norwegian explorer called tor hired our first you have some time to look at questions 21 to 24 now listen carefully and answer questions 21 to 24 right well for our presentation shall I start with the early life of tor Heyerdahl sure why don't you begin with describing the type of boy he was especially his passion for collecting things that's right he had his own little Museum and I think it's unusual for children to develop their own values and not join in their parents hobbies I'm thinking of how Heyerdahl wouldn't go hunting with his dad for example yeah he preferred to learn about nature by listening to his mother read to him and quite early on he knew he wanted to become an explorer when he grew up that came from his camping trips he went on in Norway I think no it was climbing that he spent his time on as a young man oh right after University he married a classmate and together they decided to experience living on a small island to find out how harsh weather conditions shaped people's lifestyles as part of their preparation before they left home they learnt basic survival skills like building a shelter I guess they needed that knowledge in order to live wild in a remote location with few inhabitants cut off by the sea which is what they were aiming to do an important part of your talk should be the radical theory hi and I'll formed from examining mysterious ancient carvings that he happened to find on the island I think you should finish with that okay before you hear the rest of the discussion you have some time to look at questions 25 to 30 now listen and answer questions 25 to 30 all right so after your part I'll talk about tour hiya dials adult life continuing from the theory he had about Polynesian migration up until that time of course academics had believed that humans first migrated to the islands in Polynesia from Asia in the West yes they thought that travel from the east was impossible because of the huge empty stretch of ocean that lies between the islands and the nearest inhabited land yes but hide I'll spent ages studying the cloud movements ocean currents and wind patterns to find if it was actually possible and another argument was that there was no tradition of large shipbuilding in the communities lying to the east of Polynesia but Heyerdahl knew they made lots of coastal voyages and locally built canoes yes or sailing on rafts as was shown by the long voyage that Heyerdahl did next it was an incredibly risky journey to undertake sometimes I wonder if he did that trip for private reasons you know to show others that he could have spectacular adventures what do you think Olivia well I think it was more a matter of simply trying out his idea to see if migration from the east was possible yes that's probably it and the poor guy suffered a bit at that time because the war forced him to stop his work for some years yes when he got started again and planned his epic voyage do you think it was important to him that he achieve it before anyone else did I haven't read anywhere that that was his motivation the most important factor seems to have been that he use only ancient techniques and local materials to build his raft yes I wonder how fast it went well it took them ninety seven days from South America to the Pacific Islands hmm and after that high Dahl went to Easter Island didn't he we should mention the purpose of that trip I think he sailed there in a boat made out of reeds no that was later on in Egypt Olivia oh yes that's right but what he wanted to do was talk to the local people about their old stone carvings and then make one himself to learn more about the process I see well what a great life even though many of his theories have been disproven he certainly left a lasting impression on many disciplines didn't he to my mind he was the first person to establish what modern academics called practical archaeology I mean that they try to recreate something from the past today like he did with his raft trip it's unfortunate that his ideas about where Polynesians originated from have been completely discredited yes right well I'll prepare a PowerPoint slide at the end that acknowledges our sources I mainly used the life and work of tor hired out by William Oliver I thought the research methods he used were very sound although I must say I found the overall tone somewhat old-fashioned I think they need to do a new revised edition yeah I agree what about the subject matter I found it really challenging well it's a complex issue I thought the book had lots of good points and what did you think of the illustration that is the end of section 3 you now have half a minute to check your answers now turn to section four section four you will hear a business student predicting how management might change in the next few years first you have some time to look at questions 31 to 40 now listen carefully and answer questions 31 to 40 well I've been talking to managers in a number of businesses and reading surveys about the future of management and what I'm going to present in this seminar is a few ideas about how the activity is likely to change in the next 10 years it isn't a scientific statistical analysis just some ideas for us to discuss one area I want to mention is business markets and I'm sure a really significant development will be a major increase in competition with companies from all around the world trying to sell similar products consumers will have much more choice for instance food products sold in Australia might be manufactured in the USA China Finland and dozens of other countries at the same time mergers and takeovers mean that governments are actually losing power to major global corporations we can probably all think of companies that exert a great deal of influence which may be good for consumers a third point I want to make about markets is that in the rapidly expanding economies such as India China Brazil and Russia demand is growing very fast this is putting pressure on resources all over the world I think businesses are becoming more open to external influences in particular companies are consulting customers more and more before making their business decisions companies are finding out what they want and providing it instead of making products and then trying to sell them which is the model of years ago another influence is that concerns about the environment will force manufacturers to extend product life cycles to reduce the amount of pollution and waste and in some cases regulation will need to be strengthened many societies are much more fluid in democratic the structure of companies is changing to reflect that I think we're going to see a greater emphasis within companies on teams created with a specific project in mind and when they're completed the teams will be disbanded and new ones formed more and more people see work is simply one part of their lifestyle and not the most important one and as the workforce is shrinking in some countries businesses are having to compete for staff instead of being able to choose among a lot of applicants typical examples that will attract and retain staff are traditional ones like flexible hours and something that has been made possible by advances in technology remote working with people based at their home abroad or almost anywhere they choose management styles will almost certainly continue to change senior managers will require a lot more than the efficiency that they've always needed above all they'll need great skills and leadership so that their organization can initiate and respond to change in a fast-moving world where they face lots of competing requirements and potential conflicts in most of the world the senior managers of large businesses are mainly men in their 50s and 60s the predominant style of management will almost certainly become more consultative and collaborative caused above all by more women moving into senior management positions many of the changes are influenced by developments in the wider economy the traditional emphasis of business was manufacturing and of course the service sector is very important but we shouldn't overlook the growing financial contribution of IP that is intellectual property some books and films generate enormous sums from the sale of related DVDs music games clothes and so on another point I'd like to make is that although I've been talking about companies one trend that they have to face is the move away from people working for the same employer for years instead more and more people are becoming self-employed to gain the freedom and control over their lives that they're unlikely to get from being employed ok well that's all I want to say so let's open it up for discussion that is the end of section 4 you now have half a minute to check your answers that is the end of the listening test in the IELTS test you would now have ten minutes to transfer your answers to the answer sheet you

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