Journey of Santoor From Past to Present | Geçmişten Günümüze Santurun Yolculuğu
Ethnic Instruments Santoor is known as a Persian Instrument but.. ..it is also used in Turkey.. ..and all over the world in India, Correct me if I’m saying wrong, in Greece -In Hungary Yes, in Hungary.. What are the unknown sides of santoor in the world and in Turkey? Actually, santoor is also used in US, they call it dulcimer. There are many rumors about the origin of the santoor. It’s an ancient instrument. Among the holy scriptures, the Torah is the one that mentions about instruments the most. In Torah… ..it is mentioned as ” psaltērium” Santoor means ” psaltērium”. Etymologist Neshanian says that … Santoor means ” psaltērium” and it is a word of Greek origin.. ..in his dictionary What is it again? It’s “psaltērium”. Okay! This… There are lots of rumors of course. According to my researchs.. I am writing a book about santoor. It’s called “Santoor from past to present” Rather than its history.. I studied the comparison of its versions in our literature, in Ottoman poetry, in Persian poetry and its types that are used in Iran, in India According to my findings, satoor is actually an instrument of Indian origin. An instrument originated in India But it has gained a seat in Persian classical music more.. ..and it is adopted in Iran. In India there is a world famous santuri.. ..named Shivkumar Sharma. There is a project that he made with John Mclaughlin and Zakir Hussain. They call him “The man who revived the Indian santoor”. There was Indian santoor afore. I read interviews of Shivkumar Sharma. He mentions that santoor is a very ancient instrument. It is said to have arrived to Iran via Pakistan. After gaining a place in Persian classical music… After the 17th century, it began to be used in Ottoman court music. I read an article of musicologist Bülent Aksoy. Unless I’m mistaken, it was in Birikim Journal. He says that in order to… ..get away from… ..effect of Persian music.. ..they took out the santoor from court music. But there is something like.. Santoor and Ottoman music.. The santoor is inseparable from Ottoman music. One of the important names of Ottoman music.. ..is Ali Ufki Bey. Ali Ufki Bey’s name is actually santuri Ali Ufki Bey He took santoor lessons in Enderun (special school in the Ottoman palace). When we look at Hungary.. They call it as “cimbalom” In US, they call it as “dulcimer”. Even in Japan, they call it “Koto” Koto is also an instrument of the santoor family. Most researchers say it is the instrument of the Jews. There are some who say that it has emerged in Spain. There are lots of rumors. There are a lot of documents and resources about it. I’m not going to explain them one by one. In our land.. .. from Ottoman to republic period.. although it was taken out from the court music.. …continued to be used. Santoor was the most appropriated… .. by Mevlevis. You know Mevlevi… dervish convents give importance to music and literature the most. In poetries of Esrâr Dede, Şeyh Galip and lots of Mevlevi poets.. There are poems written for santoor. I studied those poems one by one. After that, in republic period.. ..santoor begins to rise again.. ..and the only virtuoso recognized by Turkish music, a santoor virtuoso.. Santuri Ethem Efendi emerges. Ethem Efendi.. ..is a great performer. But the santoor is not suitable for Turkish music because.. ..while playing a song you need to stop.. and arrange the bridges. What is a bridge? Now we have.. those are pegs. In qanun there are four or five nails.. …on the sides. Yes I know about them. When you move them you change the mode but in santoor.. You need to stop and replace the bridges. If you move the bridge to the second fret, you play Nihavend mode.. ..semitone forward. You need to have a fine ear for music. You need to hear and move the bridge at the same time. This is one of the reasons why it is not used in Turkish music. After that, Ziya Santur,.. ..Zühdü Bardakoğlu, Hüsnü Tüzüner.. ..and Ümit Mutlu.. They extended the dimensions of the santoor by.. adding a 20 cm section on sideways and placed latches. They called it as Turkish santoor. I think that’s not true because in Iran.. It’s been attempted long ago. They made a santoor with latches but there was an intonation problem with that. I mean while tuning the santoor it started to spoil. Then, it’s very interesting.. I am talking about its journey in Turkey.. I gave a very long answer, pardon me! No! Not at all! In the early 2000s, ..a forgotten instrument that is preferred by… ..street musicians was resurrected.. One of the.. ..greatest architects of this is Fatih Akın. In Fatih Akin’s “Crossing the Bridge” documentary about musicians in Istanbul, ..there is a band named Siya Siyabend. They are my friends. In that documentary, Murat has a two-minute santoor performance. As I told you before, he was also… …playing santoor with chopsticks but people began to wonder what that instrument was like. And santoor has become an indispensable instrument of street musicians. After that.. Samsara Istanbul, Kara Güneş And.. there are lots of bands but I cannot recall them. Light in Babylon A lot of names… Santoor and street music.. I mean.. They started to make street music with a band that… .. the santoor was in the foreground. At that time there was no sale of santoor in Turkey. Most people were trying to communicate with me. They were asking “Do you go to Iran, how can we get a santoor?” This place… This store’s, Sala Muzik’s biggest contribution is.. ..in Turkey.. I can say that Sala Muzik is the biggest contributor to the spread of santoor in Turkey. Veysel Sala really put a lot of effort into this business. He found.. .. a store full of santoors while there was no shop where people could buy.. ..a santoor. You answered my next questions. No! I.. In that case I.. The santoor from past to the present… I mean.. When someone wants to buy a santoor.. ..of course I recommend Sala Muzik at the first place because.. ..they can find only one santoor besides the other instruments in the other stores But I think that Sala Muzik… ..is a shop where you can find many kinds of middle eastern instruments. Thank you! So you recommend Sala Muzik for the ethnic instruments. Yes! I’ve been playing instruments for years.. ..but I’m not trading. I say ” You can buy from Sala Muzik.” Because I trust you. Thank you so much!