Published by Darron Toy on

this video explains how cargo transportation from one market to another market can be organized it covers a general overview of container shipments and explains the difference between LCL and FC air shipments you will learn about the trade terms f OB x work and CIF furthermore shows how courier shipments and air freight shipments work however there's many other possible message straight terms and forwarding situations which are not covered in this video if you are planning a shipment and you are unsure how to process you can contact your forwarder or agent to figure out the best way for your situation first of all we look at a general overview of container shipments finished cargo is located at a supplier warehouse the cargo will be loaded into an export container after loading is finished the container will be carried to the port by truck or train at the port a container will be granted export by the customs then the container has transit and loaded on the container ship now the container ship for several days on the ocean once the container arrived destination port it is granted import by the customs afterwards the containers transit and loaded on the truck or train in the end the container arrives the customers warehouse or other final destination there are three different type of company used export containers 20 ft 40 ft and 40 HQ container to get cargo ready for export the exporter needs to request a shipping order it's all from the forwarder once this was published the exporter can pick up the container from The Container hub and start to load the loading needs to be finished today as I cut off date at this day the father needs to hand in the container information to the carrier once the container is loaded it will be processed to the port and needs to arrive at least before the final closing date the forwarder will then publish the bill of lading this might be in hard copy format or in soft copy s telex release the container can only be received when the importer presents the bill of lading the transit inside the port might take around 2 days then the containers loaded on an export ship which is also known as estimated time of departure depending on the export and destination port transit will take a few weeks for example yankin to Hamburg is approximately 28 days the time the ship arrives the port is known as estimated time of arrival once the containers arrive the port the importer needs to show the bill of lading commercial invoice packing list HS court and his import number if required by the customs after approval the container will be processed and delivered FCA full container load a container shipment is considered a full container load F sea air when the exporter books and prepares a full container the export will be processed under one shipper name the import will be processed under one importer name full container shipments are used if the shipper wants to take advantage of low transportation costs and is able to reach the required CBM LC l less container load when there is two or more shipper who want to export cargo to the same destination port an LC air shipment less container load can be used the shipper do not necessarily need to know each other the process is organized by the forwarder who will bind the exporter was the same interest the shipper delivered air cargo to a solid Asian warehouse from this warehouse the goods are bind and put into one container then the container has processed the export is preceded as a constantly dated export for a different shipper at the port of destination the car was imported as a consolidated shipment for the shipper the containers then split inside a consolidation warehouse now the split cargo is processed in different importer this method is used if the shipper wants to benefit from low cost of export and is not able to reach the required CBM of a full container fo be free on board is one of the most popular export terms it basically means that a supplier takes care of all the processes to the point where a goods are on the export ship this includes cargo loading handling export documents custom clearance cleaning of harbour fee and so on on many markets supplier can benefit from the fo B terms since they can claim tax return once the goods are exported on the other side the customer takes responsibility for a shipment once the goods are ship this includes ocean transportation import and harbour costs inland transportation and so on if the trade term is X work the supplier just offers the finished cargo at his warehouse inland and ocean transportation custom handling and all other processes are hindered by the customer himself in this case the customer might be the exporter and importer at the same time if he does not work with an agent another commonly used term method is called CIF cost insurance and freight similar to the FO B term the supplier takes care of all the handling on the export market side however he will as well cover the cost and insurance of the ocean transportation to deliver urgent or light cuts fast from one market to another market express courier foreign as a solution goods are finished by a supplier and put into the warehouse then a courier company will pick up the goods this might be DHL UPS FedEx or any other courier company to use the service of the courier company either the importer or the exporter need to have an account with the courier company transportation cost might as well be paid by the exporter or by the importer depending on agreement the courier truck will drive to the courier hub facility at the airport site once airplane space is ready the cargo will be put into the airplane and sent to the destination Airport then process at the courier hub facility and forwarded by truck to the final destination to carry out on courier shipment the exporter needs to hand in all relevant export documents such as commercial invoice packing list tarik Haute and importer code to the courier from there on the entire process will be handled by the courier company after the cargo has been delivered the importer will receive an import invoice from the courier company that includes import text duty and other local churches beside that most courier companies of our tracking system and deliver within 3 to 5 workdays express courier shipments are used if the shipper wants to benefit from fast delivery time and low handling effort air freight shipments are very similar to courier shipments however when making air freight shipments the exporter should deliver the goods by himself to the airport hub or ask an agent to do it the export procedure is handled by exporter or by an agent as well the forwarder just handles the transportation of the cargo from one Airport to another Airport once the goods arrived the destination Airport the customer can pick up intended import by himself or ask an agent to do so the transit time from one Airport to another Airport might take around 10 days air freight shipments are used if the shipper wants to benefit from fast delivery time and lower rates than the courier service


FARAH TARIQ · May 14, 2019 at 8:16 pm

Kindly share same as Air shipment process

FARAH TARIQ · May 14, 2019 at 8:16 pm

Very helpful vedio

m rowland · May 14, 2019 at 8:16 pm

do you have any info on the charges

Stephan Dickie · May 14, 2019 at 8:16 pm

This is very informative. Thanks!

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