Hazmat Transportation: Driver Training

Published by Darron Toy on



it's your responsibility and your job to make sure every hazmat load you haul arrived safely and securely at its destination it's critical to the safety and security of the hazardous materials transportation process that you know and understand what's required and that you're trained to get the job done right so let's see what you need to know hazardous materials are categorized into nine hazard classes with some of them further broken down into divisions divisions provide extra information about a materials hazards for example class 2 gases has three divisions 2.1 is flammable gas 2.2 is non flammable compressed gas and 2.3 is poison gas and depending on the hazard class some hazardous materials are divided into one of three specific packing groups the hazardous materials or hazmat table lists all of the proper shipping names that can be used to describe hazardous materials transported in the US the table provides essential information and guidelines on how hazmat must be packaged and transported the hazmat table also lists the UN na or ID identification number required labels and any special provisions that correspond with each proper shipping name other columns of the table provide HMR section references for exceptions packaging information and maximum quantities for shipping by air and rail as a driver you should always have a copy of the hazmat table with you why because most of the key information on your shipping papers and packages is obtained from it how else can you verify that information if there would be an incident somewhere where if you know if that you were in some type of accident or rollover something of this nature when the first responders would be on the scene that when they open the door they can reach right into the pouch on the side of the door where your hazmat bill should be and can they can tell exactly what's on that load proper documentation of hazardous materials is critical in order for a hazardous material to be safely transported it must be properly described on the shipping papers when shipping papers are required for most shipments properly prepared shipping papers will include the basic description of the hazardous material it is imperative that the basic description be entered on the shipping papers in the right order or sequence it's the shippers responsibility to prepare the shipping papers but drivers and anyone else involved with the hazardous materials shipment must know how to read and understand the information entered on the shipping papers one area you should pay particular attention to is the emergency response information requirements at a minimum you should receive the basic description of the hazardous material the immediate health hazards fire or explosion risks immediate precautions to take in the event of an incident how to handle a fire spill or leak preliminary first aid measures to take and an emergency response phone number how a material is packaged in mark is an important part of the hazardous materials transportation process you know if something doesn't look right you know chances are it's not right you know the best place to catch a problem as well as on the shippers dock you know don't take an item that doesn't look like it's packaged right it's not labeled right it's not banded on the skid right leave it there better off leaving a shipment behind then you taking it now it's your company's problem non bulk hazardous materials are generally shipped in what's called performance oriented packaging P o P or un packaging the standards for these kinds of packaging are stringent which makes it unlikely that a hazmat package will leak during transportation you'll see a manufacturer's un marking on these types of packages this indicates that the package conforms to United Nations standards you can see by the different marking requirements that how a hazardous material is packaged and marked is critical to it's safe transport hazard warning labels provide an immediate warning of the hazards involved and are required on most non bulk packages it's the shippers responsibility to select and attach the proper labels as a driver you're responsible to make sure that it's done correctly you'll see that some materials have more than one label because they present multiple hazards labels are placed on the surface of a package near the shipping name if the package is smaller than the label or if it's a cylinder or an odd shape a label may be placed on a tag that is securely attached to the package placards are similar to labels and that they serve as a hazard warning placards must be displayed on each side and each end of most bulk packages and transport vehicles at the scene of an accident or incident placards identify what types of hazardous materials are present in the transport vehicle or freight container so emergency responders know the right actions to take to keep the public safe the required placards are listed in one of two placard tables in the HMR placard ink table one lists the hazardous materials that require placards regardless of what quantity is being transported the most dangerous categories of hazardous materials are listed in table one there are a number of steps you must take in preparing a hazmat load for shipment be sure to always set your parking brake and chock your wheels before loading or unloading to prevent the vehicle for moving packages of hazardous materials must be secured to prevent shifting including relative motion between packages during transport first thing we would look at if it's on a skid is it wrap properly to the skid if it's drums or the drums wrapped and/or banded they wrapped or banded to the skid when you're going down the road all the freight moves and it bounces around an integral part of transporting hazardous materials is getting the shipment safely to its destination you have a lot more responsibility for the hazmat load because the nature the freight so you need to ensure that it's loaded and secured properly and that you placard it properly and that it is labeled properly so that you're able to communicate the threats in the event of an accident or an incident as far as safety goes we all know that vehicle inspections are in everyday necessity in addition to inspecting your tires during your pre-trip inspect them each time you park your vehicle and don't forget your post trip inspection either when checking your tires it's a good idea to also take time to make sure all your placards are in place and in good condition if any are damaged or missing replace them


4 Comments

night hunter30 · July 29, 2019 at 11:09 am

Can anyone buy full version or just for company??

Dan F · July 29, 2019 at 11:09 am

So when does it start looking like anything else

Hazmat Larry · July 29, 2019 at 11:09 am

Great refresher video for Drivers.

mohamed moutik · July 29, 2019 at 11:09 am

🚛

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